27 January 2012 Last updated at 11:02 GMT

Traditional leaders attend the investiture ceremony for Democratic Republic of the Congo President Joseph Kabila in Kinshasa on December 20, 2011.

Many observers have criticised Joseph Kabila’s re-election as president

The results of last November’s parliamentary elections in Democratic Republic of Congo have been released, showing no party has a majority.

With 432 of the 500 seats declared, President Joseph Kabila’s PPRD party came first with 58 seats, followed by opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi’s UDPS with 34.

The BBC’s Thomas Hubert in Kinshasa says lengthy negotiations will follow.

Mr Tshisekedi and observer groups have cited widespread fraud in the poll.

Mr Kabila was declared the winner of the presidential election, although Mr Tshisekedi has rejected this and tried to swear himself in as president.

On Thursday, police fired tear gas to disperse opposition supporters who were trying to accompany him to the presidential palace in the capital, Kinshasa.

Our correspondent says the long-awaited announcement of the results is not the end of DR Congo’s electoral woes – many candidates are expected to file legal challenges to the results, and the electoral commission has asked the Supreme Court to order a rerun of the polls in seven constituencies where violence disrupted the election and prosecute the candidates involved.

Nearly 100 parties will be represented in the National Assembly, along with many independents, and our reporter says it will take far-reaching alliances to obtain a majority and pass any legislation.

The parties who campaigned alongside Mr Kabila have roughly twice as many MPs as those who are known to oppose him.

But many of the remaining 68 seats still to be declared are in Kinshasa, which is seen as an opposition stronghold.

Last November’s elections were the first Congolese-organised polls since the end of a devastating war in 2003, which left some four million people dead.

The poll was heavily criticised by foreign observers, the opposition and Catholic bishops – who complained in a statement of “treachery, lies and terror” and called on the election commission to correct “serious errors”.

size map

The Democratic Republic of Congo covers 2,344,858 square km of land in the centre of Africa, making it the 12th largest country in the world.

mineral wealth map DR Congo has abundant mineral wealth. It has more than 70% of the world’s coltan, used to make vital components of mobile phones, 30% of the planet’s diamond reserves and vast deposits of cobalt, copper and bauxite. This wealth however has attracted looters and fuelled the country’s civil war.transport map Despite the country’s size, transport infrastructure is very poor. Of 153,497km of roads, only 2,794km are paved. There are around 4,000 km of railways but much is narrow-gauge track and in poor condition. Waterways are vital to transport goods but journeys can take months to complete. Overcrowded boats frequently capsize, while DR Congo has more plane crashes than any other country.population map With an estimated population of 71 million, DR Congo is the fourth most populous country in Africa. Some 35% of the population live in cities and the capital Kinshasa is by far the largest, with more than 8 million inhabitants. DR Congo has around 200 ethnic identities with the majority of people belonging to the Kongo, Luba and Mongo groups.demographic map Given its size and resources DR Congo should be a prosperous country, but years of war, corruption and economic mismanagement have left it desperately poor. In 2011 it lags far behind in many key development indicators, with average life expectancy increasing by only 2 years since 1980, after a period when it actually fell during the mid 1990s.

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