Ending Extreme Poverty Require Structural Change – Research

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Although a large literature highlights the impact of personality traits on key labor market outcomes, evidence of their impact on agricultural production decisions remains limited.

Greater focus on personality traits relative to cognitive skills may help accelerate innovation diffusion in the short term, and help farmers to respond flexibly to new opportunities and risks in the longer term.

According to Daniel Ayalew and his policy research team, a data from 1,200 Ghanaian rice farmers suggests that, noncognitive skills (polychronicity, work centrality, and optimism) significantly affect simple adoption decisions, returns from adoption, and technical efficiency in rice production, and that, the size of the estimated impacts exceeds that of traditional human capital measures.

From 2000 to 2014, per capital gross domestic product in Sub-Saharan Africa increased by almost 35 percent in real terms, doubling in some countries. Such progress happened while agricultural productivity growth remained low in the aggregate, despite some bright spots, and poverty reduction was steady but discouragingly slow.

This research argues that, ending extreme poverty will require structural change in agriculture, and in rural African economies more broadly. Drawing on a range of recent research, it outlines broad priority areas for policy actions to accelerate productivity and initiate structural change in the agriculture sector and the rural nonfarm economy.

Developmental objectives like Regional Agriculture Competitiveness Project, is a system that will help lay the foundation for sustainable, inclusive growth by strengthening the competitiveness of the leading sectors of the Economy.

Some of the negative impacts affecting Agriculture include : (i) soil degradation (soil erosion, loss of organic content, compaction, etc.; (ii) crop residue and solid waste management; (iii) loss of or damage to physical cultural resources; (iv) siting and construction; (v) water degradation through water pollution by releasing pollutants; (vi) increased vibration and noise levels; (vii) occupational health and safety issues; (ix) destruction or damage to terrestrial natural habitat.

Some mitigation measures also includes : (i) ensuring drainage and runoff waters properly channeled to reduce erosion.

Use contour and strip planting, terracing, discontinuous trenching, inter cropping with trees, and grass barriers where appropriate to reduce erosion; (ii) upgrade sprinkler systems where feasible to minimize water loss; (iii) store fertilizers in their original packaging in a dedicated location with limited access; (iv) control dust drift, or other effects on riparian or riverine zones or other areas where natural habitat occurs; (v) avoid open burning for land preparation, weed control, and post-harvest treatments; (vi) ensure that necessary permits from local or national authorities are in place; (vii) ensure proper location, drainage, access; (viii) protect natural enemies of pests by providing a favorable habitat, such as bushes for nesting sites and other original vegetation that can house pest predators and by avoiding the use of broad-spectrum pesticides.

The developmental objective of Catalyzing the Future of Agri-food Systems in Ghana is to transform irrigated agri-food systems to yield higher and more stable revenues, while being more resilient to climate change.

Source: Newsghana.com.gh/Sammy Adjei

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