Windows Server 2008 is the successor to Windows Server 2003. Both of the products belong to Microsoft Server Line of operating systems. Server 2008 version was officially launched on 27th February, 2008. Though initially called Longhorn, this version is also known as Win2K8.

Original Beta 1 version was launched on 27th July, 2005. Next release, Beta 2 took almost 1 year to be launched. At Windows Hardware Engineering Conferences on 23rd may,2006 Beta2 was formally released. After further developments for 1 year, Beta 3 version was launched on 25th April, 2007. The final version was sent to manufacturing on 4th February, 2008 and formally released on 27th February,2008.

Windows Server 2008 has been derived from Windows Vista.

So, the architecture and functionality of both operating systems are quite similar. In spite of the similarity in administrative, technical, management and security aspects, some new features have been added. Networking stack has been redesigned. Images based installation, recovery and deployment have been improved. Event logging, monitoring, reporting and diagnostics tools have become faster. Windows firewall comes with protected default configuration. Fresh security features like ASLR and BitLocker have been introduced. Net Framework technology has been enhanced with features like Windows Work flow, message queuing and Windows communication. To enable hot plugging, memory devices and processors are incorporated as plug and play devices. The system resources could be divided dynamically by employing the method of Dynamic Hardware Partitioning. Each resource has got its own processor, memory, input and output devices. Hardware partitioning is a very critical task and should be performed under guidance of a network support provider.

Earlier versions of Windows Server had different management consoles for different? features and roles. Server 2008 provides a single server manager which serves multiple management requirements, such as Web Server, Terminal Services, File Services, DNS Server, DHCP Server, Application Server, Active Directory Domain Services, etc. Various diagnostic tools, like Performance and Reliability utilities, Event service and viewer are included in it. Apart from these, it also features numerous configuration tools, such as Windows Firewall, Task Scheduler, Device Manager, WMI Control, etc. Console’s every section has its own homepage. Each homepage displays data related to current task. It also contains computer support links to fix bugs, get relevant information and access other utilities.

Server 2008 could be installed in two modes, namely Graphics User Interface(GUI) mode and Command Line Interface(CLI) mode. The CLI environment is also known as Server Core. In Server Core, all GUI interfaces, such as Windows Explorer, Task Bar, Start Menu, etc are absent. Only very few GUI tools, like Task Manager and Note Pad, are retained. The only user interface, available to the user is a single command line window. The GUI users might face difficulty in using CLI interface. In such cases, help from an experienced Network Support provider could be quite useful.

BitLocker is basically a full drive encryption solution. Its purpose is to protect information, stored on stored and lost computers. TPM 1.2 based hardware is required to store encryption codes. For storing encryption keys, a computer support provider should be consulted.

Read Only Domain Controller is a new feature of Server 2008. Using this feature, the administrator could configure the administrator’s database as read only. Network support for using RODC is widely available.

Internet Information Services in Server 2008 is partitioned to install only those components which are required for the user configuration. It features an enhanced management console. Xcopy Web Application is supported by it. It also features a .NET based configuration store. To utilize the configuration fully, a veteran computer support provider should be consulted.

Though Windows Server 2008 come with many features, it is very difficult for common users to utilize those complex features fully. If the users face any difficulty in handling Server 2008 issues, an experienced computer support provider should be consulted. Microsoft support providers render extensive network support for Server 2008 problems. Apart from that, many computer manufacturers, such as HP support providers also offer strong support to resolve Server 2008 bugs.

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