A smart manufacturing workshop is built at Qingdao Special Iron & Steel Co., Ltd. (Photo from CFP)
A smart manufacturing workshop is built at Qingdao Special Iron & Steel Co., Ltd. (Photo from CFP)

U.S. President Donald Trump has signed a proclamation that will raise tariffs on derivative steel and aluminum imports to cover nails, staples and other downstream products, while studies show that tariffs have hurt the American manufacturing sector and the overall economy.

“I have concluded that it is necessary and appropriate in light of our national security interests to adjust the tariffs imposed by previous proclamations to apply to the derivatives of aluminum articles and steel articles,” Trump said in the proclamation released Friday night.

Business24

“Foreign producers of these derivative articles have increased shipments of such articles to the United States to circumvent” the existing duties on steel and aluminum imports, threatening to undermine the administration’s actions to address the national security risks, said the president.

The Trump administration will raise tariffs on imports of derivative steel products by an additional 25 percent and increases tariffs on imported derivative aluminum products by an additional 10 percent starting Feb. 8, according to the proclamation.

Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico and South Korea are exempt from the additional tariffs on derivative steel products, while Argentina, Australia, Canada and Mexico are exempt from the additional duties on derivative aluminum products, the proclamation said.

Amid strong opposition, the Trump administration unilaterally imposed a 25-percent tariff on steel imports and 10-percent tariff on aluminum imports in 2018 citing national security concerns, defined under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962.

Many economists and business leaders have warned that the Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum imports would harm the U.S. economy overall, including workers in other manufacturing sectors that use steel and aluminum.

Higher costs from steel and aluminum tariffs, quotas and associated retaliation by trading partners would reduce U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) by 0.2 percent annually, according to a research by Trade Partnership Worldwide, LLC, an international trade and economic consulting firm.

The research also showed that 16 jobs would be lost in other U.S. sectors for every job gained in the steel or aluminum sector, and every U.S. state will experience a net loss of jobs due to the tariffs.

While the Trump administration has relied on tariffs to boost domestic production and revive the manufacturing sector, a recent study from the U.S. Federal Reserve suggests that these efforts have backfired.

“We find that tariff increases enacted in 2018 are associated with relative reductions in manufacturing employment and relative increases in producer prices,” Fed economists Aaron Flaaen and Justin Pierce wrote in the study released last month.

For manufacturing employment, a small boost from the import protection effect of tariffs is more than offset by larger drags from the effects of rising input costs and retaliatory tariffs, the study showed. Enditem

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