??The greatest impediments in the way of patriotism and collective nation building however are unbridled cynicism and excessive partisanship- two creeping phenomena, which we must guard against and expunge from our psyche.?? (President Mahama- SONA 2015)
wpid-aa-poster-democracy-coming-soon-to-your-neighborhood1.jpgSafe Democracy Ghana shares the same concerns, worries and sentiments with President John Dramani Mahama and advocates for a consensual national government where all party leaders, their executives, sympathisers and adherents ensemble shall be afforded all possible opportunities to participate in decision-making at every level in national life and in government; and shall contribute in the making of the Ghana One Great Nation by reconstituting our constitution to allow for a Ceremonial Head of State to be occupied by the rotating Presidency of the National House of Chiefs, a Second Chamber Parliament and a Primary Chamber Parliament where we may all converge and congregate to resolve issues confronting mother Ghana using dialogue systems developed nations have used into making the life of their citizens better, consistent and well protected.
?The time has come for a collective push to quicken the pace of our march towards socio-economic transformation. To do this, we need to shed the garb of division, we must don the gear of unity, respect and love for one another, let us pick up the tools of hard work, and plough the fields of challenge in order to sow and nurture the seeds that will enable us? collectively reap the fruits of sustainable development. (President Mahama, SONA, 2015).
Our sense of democracy is so horrendous and it has led us to think democracy is a system where everyone within the voting population exercise their franchise directly to elect and determine who becomes the President of Ghana and that which political party campaign is worth it or deserves commendation to winning general election; and we further exhibited gross misconception of democracy by attributing Political Party Sponsored Government to Political Party Government, hence the frictions, factionalism and cynicism we continue to experience within the scope of our political dispensation.
Alexander Hamilton cautioned his compatriots in the constitutional convention of the United States back in 1887 to abuse the notion of direct elections of principal state actors and said this; ?It has been observed that a pure democracy if it were practicable would be the most perfect government. Experience has proved that no position is more false than this. The ancient democracies in which the people themselves deliberated never possessed one good feature of government. Their very character was tyranny; their figure deformity?
The nature and characteristics of human being everywhere around the world is conterminous and some share manners and behaviour symmetrical with each other and the United Nations in making laws governing human rights makes it applicable to all its members irrespective of colour, race, creed or gender as is contained in our constitution (Articles 12(2) 17(1,2) 35.(5) and in every society, social strata and the common conception of the people are symmetrical which makes valid Alexander Hamilton sayings that ??All communities divide themselves into the few and the many. The first are the rich and wellborn, the other the mass of the people.?? And classical to Alexander Hamilton?s view about government he maintained that; ??The people are turbulent and changing; they seldom judge or determine right. Give therefore to the first class a distinct, permanent share in the government. They will check the unsteadiness of the second, and as they cannot receive any advantage by a change, they therefore will ever maintain good government.?? Alexander Hamilton- June 19, 1887.
Safe Democracy Ghana therefore concurs with Alexander Hamilton that the political structure of any nation must have a semblance of the British throne or the Roman Empire where the aristocrats, the lords and the bourgeois and the commoners have shared responsibilities in the management of the state on Polybius theory of mix government inducted in the American political structures which sustained American political life till date and made the British system an exemplary system worth emulating.
Ghana?s electoral formula with regards to electing some pubic officers including the President and the Members of Parliament is porous with deformities and inconsistent with conventional practice that has seen democratic states astute and sturdy.
In the interim, all inclusive government in Ghana?s political arena either than the winner takes all shall mean;
1. Ceremonial President in the Person of the President of the National House of Chiefs,

2. A House of Lords to be made up of a percentage of Traditional Authorities in Ghana, representatives of expert and professional organizations in Ghana and representatives or heads of independent constitutional bodies

3. Then a Primary Chamber Parliament to be made up of representatives of the commoners.

Honourable Members of Parliament in the persons of the Representatives of the Commoners of the Republic of Ghana shall fill the Primary Chamber Parliament representing different shades of political divide and the majority political party in the August House forms the government with their leader as the Chief Executive Officer of the Republic of Ghana, the Prime Minister.
The reconstruction of our Constitution 1992 to conform with our societal congeners shall become the ultimate panacea to our ailing communities through political structures where;
The President of the Republic of Ghana whilst it inspires nobility, it is of immense importance to the people of Ghana. It has the value of the fountain of hope, culture and tradition and represents a symbol of State of which most of us pay homage to. As unifying as we desire to encourage, we advocate that Ghana to accord Ceremonial Presidency to the rotating Presidency of the National House of Chiefs, based upon the existing structure of the August House subject to review and inclusion of Queen Mothers. The National House of Chiefs is made up of five man representatives of each Regional House of Chiefs in Ghana, (Ten regions). They elect among themselves the House Leadership and it rotates among them from region to region. Many Paramount Chiefs in Ghana have ascended the throne and now, it is Professor Nabila of Northern Ghana Regional House of Chiefs. In our inner most belief, an astral and illustrious position, ?The Head of State of Ghana, the President of Ghana?, is of political and spiritual eminence that befits only the head of all the stools and skins of Ghana and doubles as the Custodians of the Land that makes Ghana, the President of the National House of Chiefs.
Then a Second Chamber Parliament whose constituents shall be
a. With ten regions in Ghana, 20 representatives of the 275 Traditional Councils in Ghana of which ten shall be members of the National House of Chiefs and the other Queen mothers from the Regional Houses of Chiefs or as the National House of Chiefs may propound.
b. One representative each from expert and professional bodies and organizations in Ghana from within and without Ghana Trade Union Congress or the Ghana Labour Organization. Organizations must be registered and must have been in existence for more than 25 years to qualify to present a member to the Second Chamber Parliament or as the committee on of the house may decide.
c. Member each from Independent Constitutional bodies in Ghana.
d. Member each from retired officers of Ghana to include the Justices of the Bar, security agencies (IGPs, Chiefs of Defence Staff, the Prisons, fire etc). Each of these organizations shall present a member each to bring to bear experience and solemn advice to the State of Ghana.
e. Former Heads of State of Ghana, Chief Executive Officers having served as Prime Ministers and Heads of State of Ghana.
f. Member each of religious representatives scheduled in the Ghana Peace Council Act (Act 818) 2011
The Second Chamber Parliament shall be an extension of the Primary Chamber Parliament and shall deliberate on issues deliberated at the Primary Chamber Parliament and vote accordingly. The Second Chamber Parliament shall augment services of the Primary Chamber parliament of today, whose position have been compromised, puzzled and made subservient to the Executive Arm of the government under constitutional provisions 76.1, 78.1, 79.1and 111 all of the 1992 constitution and therefore has suffered huge shortfalls in exercising their mandates as a legislature. Whilst administratively they have huge shortfalls, individually some members of the August House have drag its name to the pitfalls causing some Ghanaians to reaffirm what had already been said of some members of the August House; some members of the assembly take bribe, another reason to check on the steadiness of the laws they create.
For now, the Second Chamber Parliament shall be non-partisan political chamber and shall have powers similar to the United States senate or the United Kingdom House of Lords. It would however be better if the house voting system in terms of house membership is made in tiers like the United States senate system which is divided into three tiers.
To determine a constituency and its representative to the Primary Chamber Parliament, the population quota and geographical space under which calculations are considered for the creation of municipal and metropolitan demarcations of 95000 to 250000 must be calibrated to allow a minimum ratio of 130000 population to a member of parliament for Twenty-Five Million Population, much as we are having in mind the desire for proportional representative system for political parties coupled with the creation of a Second Chamber Parliament to augment political party support in their various works at the Primary Chamber Parliament.
The Majority Leader of the Primary Chamber Parliament shall emerge the Chief Executive Officer and Leader of Government Businesses and she/he exercises his power in the name of the President of the Republic, the Head of the National House of Chiefs.
Political Parties shall be urged to adopt ?ranked choice voting system?, also known as ?instant runoff voting? to elect leadership of political parties and members who shall qualify under the proportional representative system to become members of the parliament of Ghana. Under instant runoff voting system, electors rank candidates in order of preference (first, second, third, etc.) instead of being restricted to choosing only one candidate. Depending on the number of candidates required to fill a given position, ranked choice voting system categorically addresses issues of enmity exhibited within a given political party as so experienced in various political parties in Ghana since the return to democratic governance in Ghana.
Where we went wrong;
In our rush to go for democracy after having suffered too much iniquities in the hands of military dictators, many years of the absence of consistent democratic practice or stable formidable government in our homeland Ghana and the errant desire to purge the system of maladministration affianced with emotions and passions, with a great enthusiasm and the feel to embrace democratic dispensation that is home coming, we under looked the basic foundation of constitutional structures developed democracies had applied to make their systems sturdy; we woefully failed to interrogate the constitution by employing experience from history, we dwelled wholly on presumptive reasons and the facts regarding constitutional structures escaped us as a the people.
A clandestine irony against ourselves, just thirty five years into self-rule with erring inclination to belittle our own culture and tradition and the appreciations of the culture of where we schooled, we decided with the force of unsustainable political might and power we have gained, to debunk and cast away traditions we have practised for more than two centuries in the life of our nation.
We did not reflect to consider consolidating these glorious cultures of ours rather we carved, inculcated and adopted a culture other than our own in the name of forming a government out of ??culture liberalism??. We failed because government must connote a system and the system when diversified begets a culture. That therefore we must retain our own culture subject to consolidating with other cultures that has the propensity to promote our living standard in harmony with how we are. We must strongly object to any rigid imposition from any other culture that seeks to impose unto us what it thought is right. No doubt Article 56 of the 1992 constitution seeks to highlight this view when it established that ?Parliament shall have no power to enact a law to establish or authorise the establishment of a body or movement with the right or power to impose on the people of Ghana a common programme or a set of objectives of a religious or political? when the imposition has already been done by virtue of the constitutional requirements on how we elect our Heads of State and members of parliament.
A constitutional framework without a seemingly reason to congregate but to disperse attitude is unwholesome and it shall remain defective proclamation that shall affect our wellbeing and it shall affect any other government who is sworn in on the bases of this constitution 1992.
?No people can profit by or be helped under institutions which are not the outcome of their own character?. Edward Blyden
Dr Kwame Nkrumah?s interference with the Queen?s Order in Council, (the independence constitution of Ghana) and the Justice Van Lare commission on the objectives contained in the bill presented to the National Assembly with respect to the powers to be conferred unto the Regional Assemblies deprived the people of Ghana political stability and sustenance of our democratic practice. Ghana lost her balance and until now, we are still grappling to get unto our feet. Reasons as fallible as it has always been misled Kwame Nkrumah and now, the people of Ghana are paying the price of mistrust Kwame Nkrumah initiated.
The 43% of Ghana?s voting population who scored 92% votes to promulgate and admit into being the 1992 constitution were swayed into thinking political structures built for our governmental operations under the 1992 constitution is comforting and unifying, when the reality is that, some of the principal laws are not in touch with social reality. They breed factionalism of highest order, tumult, contentions, and greed.
Benjamin Franklin, one of the founding fathers of the American State inscribed that ?there are two passions which have a powerful influence in the affairs of men. These are ambition and avarice- the love of power and the love of money. Separately each of these has a great force in prompting men to action, but united in view of the same object, they have, in many minds, the most violent effects.
Place before the eyes of such men a post of honour, that shall at the same time be a place of profit, and they will move heaven and earth to obtain it.? The Library of the Congress (USA).
??The greatest impediments in the way of patriotism and collective nation building however are unbridled cynicism and excessive partisanship- two creeping phenomena, which we must guard against and expunge from our psyche.?? (President Mahama- SONA 2015)
To win and overcome our plight, we ought to integrate appropriate customary values into the fabric of national life and form our governments from the culture and traditions that is known to us as so articulated in Article 39.1, 2, and 3 of the 1992 constitution. In the process we debunk and reject practices that are nefarious and injurious to the health and well-being of our society and that we should refuse to make post of honour, places of profit.
??Article 39.(1) Subject to clause (2) of this article, the State shall take steps to encourage the integration of appropriate customary values into the fabric of national life through formal and informal education and the conscious introduction of cultural dimensions to relevant aspects of national planning.
(2) The State shall ensure that appropriate customary and cultural values are adapted and developed as an integral part of the growing needs of the society as a whole; and in particular that traditional practices which are injurious to the health and well-being of the person of the person are abolished.
(3) The State shall foster the development of Ghanaian languages and pride in Ghanaian culture.??
Legal luminaries and constitutionalist across the globe admit that, constitution of any society must be the blueprint of the society; it must reflect what their beliefs are, cultural and traditions.
Professor D C Yardley elaborated on the general definition of constitutional law and added that; ?The constitution of any country must comprise the fundamental structure and organization of that country, and that therefore constitutional law is its fundamental, its basic, essential law, whether it be civil, criminal, public or private together with those rules of conduct laid down to govern the exercise of State power by the official organs of the State.??
To defeat cynicism complaint made by President Dramani Mahama, Ghana must reconsider our political structures including the electoral system and rebuild it to conform to conventional methods used by developed democracies which they inherently learnt from the culture and tradition of the people of Ghana.
The electoral methodology adopted by the constitution 1992 into creating the office of the President and conferring ensemble to the President the highest authority of the State (the Head of State, Executive President and Commander in Chief of the Ghana Armed Forces) is wrong and it does not reflect or has a semblance of the what the developed democracies have chosen as a method into creating the office of the Head of State and mother Ghana cannot be any different long as we have chosen to move on with democratic tenet as stated in Article 35.1.
We could also learn from Malaysia?s system because they consolidated their culture and tradition into forming and composing their constitutional structures including the office of Head of State, parliament and the court systems.
?35.(1) Ghana shall be a democratic state dedicated to the realization of freedom and justice; and accordingly, sovereignty resides in the people of Ghana from whom Government derives all its powers and authority through this Constitution.?
Like the Malaysians, the Presidency goes to the Traditional Authorities. Here in Ghana, the rotating Presidency of the National House of Chiefs of which all its members are debarred from participating in active politics neither could they hold office in any political party nor canvass for votes for any party or present themselves for election to the parliament of Ghana cannot be refused the title to the National Presidency.
Unless the insurmountable intentions of the framers of the constitution is to grind to a halt the chieftaincy institution and kill the political picture imbued into the people of Ghana of the chieftaincy institution, then we all should rise and call for a model change into our head of state system to a ceremonial one with the President of the National House of Chiefs, as the President of Ghana.
In fact, Ghana for peace and development must also rethink the formation of the Executive Arm of the Government in one person comfortably embedded in a unicameral legislature with porous and inadmissible electoral process that cannot be entertained in the world sturdy democracies. The bad side of it, political parties to sponsor Presidential Candidates who ultimately ended up forming a government from the single Chamber Parliament whose membership are also political parties sponsored; creating platforms for hectic, cumbersome, covetous, worrisome, iniquitous and divisive formula incorporated into the system causing dilapidating effect and innocent Ghanaians paying the price.
The worst of it is the total disregard for considering consolidating the culture and tradition of the people of Ghana, negating the custodians of the land of Ghana in our political discourse with malicious intentions and reclusive expos? of the Traditional Authorities who were once upon a time, the lead politicians of this Republic.
The neglect of the systems adopted by the United States of America, The United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Germany, Japan and many other nations into electing the Chief Executive Officers of their Great Nations is heart throbbing.
Ghana?s adapted political structural system breeds divisive impulse, conflicts and controversies, political machinations, political polarization, vendetta filled with errant political bitterness, structural conflicts planning associated with grave machinations, destructive engineering under various forms of cleavages including but not limited to ethnicity, tribalism, regionalism and religion with final resolution of becoming a callous spectator of tragedy on the good people of Ghana. These cleavage elements could subject the nation into explosions and inflict unto the nation a gratuitous, disastrous and monstrous unprintable pandemonium moved by stingy, parsimonious and petty intrigues of atrocious gambling features we have unwittingly imposed unto the political parties of our dear nation Ghana.
In agreement with Benjamin Franklin authorship, we finally placed before the eyes of such men a post of honour that shall at the same time be a place of profit, and they will certainly move heaven and earth to obtain it.
??The greatest impediments in the way of patriotism and collective nation building however are unbridled cynicism and excessive partisanship- two creeping phenomena, which we must guard against and expunge from our psyche.??
??A cynical approach often leads to a craving for every national endeavour to end in failure in order to justify a deeply flawed perspective on national affairs. It latches onto temporary problems to paint a picture of abject hopelessness. A partisan approach places premium on political calculation and gain above what should be the national interest.??
??On the airwaves, on a daily basis, we hear polarized views on critical national issues from people from all walks of life including those who should be sharing academic and professional perspectives with the general public. Unprintable expressions are sometimes allowed without caution or censorship, misuse of the Internet inclusive. A conscious effort is thus made to either exaggerate or distort the true picture that should emerge of our nation.?? (President Mahama- SONA 2015)
Safe Democracy Ghana is therefore calling for a reformation in our political system to be more of all inclusive either than this exclusionary system and business lords and capos shall actively participate in the running of the state instead of being behind the scenes to sponsor into election people to public offices.
Thank you very sincerely

Source

Munir Saani
Executive Secretary
Safe Democracy Ghana
+233 262 538 621/+233 502 489 152

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