Israa Al-Ghomgham

His Majesty, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud,

King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the two Holy Mosques,

Fax: (via Ministry of the Interior) +966 11 403 3125;

Email: [email protected];

Twitter: @KingSalman

Your Excellency:

I am William Nicholas Gomes, Human rights defender and Freelance journalist.

I am writing to voice my deep concern about the arbitrary detention and judicial harassment against Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham, a human rights activist, from the region of Qatif, a eastern coastal city with a Shia majority.

According to the information received from the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT),  on August 15, 2018, the Saudi public prosecution called for sentencing Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham to the death penalty during the first court session before the Specialized Criminal Court (SCC) in Riyadh -set up to try terrorism cases- against her and five other activists following 32 months of arbitrary detention. The Public Prosecution accused the six defendants of “participating in protests in the Qatif region,” “incitement to protest,” “chanting slogans hostile to the regime,” “attempting to inflame public opinion,” “filming protests and publishing on social media,” and “providing moral support to rioters”, charges that do not correspond to any codified crime. The Public Prosecution called for the death penalty based on the Islamic law principle of ta’zir, in which the judge has discretion over the definition of crimes and sentences. During this hearing, Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham had no access to legal representation. The next hearing is scheduled for October 31, 2018.

Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham had taken part in peaceful pro-democracy demonstrations since 2011, during the Arab Spring, documented mass demonstrations in the Eastern provinces, and called many times for the respect of freedom of assembly and expression, the release of prisoners of conscience and human rights defenders and expressed her opinions on social media platforms.

Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham was arbitrarily arrested on December 6, 2015, after the Saudi authorities launched a raid at her home, arbitrarily arresting her and her husband. They have been detained in Dammam’s al-Mabahith prison until now.

I condemn in the strongest terms the arbitrary detention and judicial harassment of Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham and urge the Saudi authorities to immediately and unconditionally release her as well as the other human rights defenders arbitrarily detained, as her criminalisation only seems to aim at sanctioning her for her peaceful and legitimate human rights activities.

Calling for the death penalty sentence constitutes an extremely dangerous precedent as it is the first time the death penalty is called for against a female human rights defender in the country, raising fears about possible harsh reprisals against other women human rights defenders arbitrarily detained.

Actions requested:

  1. Immediately and unconditionally release Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham and end all forms of harassment, including at the judicial level, against her and all detained human rights defenders in Saudi Arabia, as their detention is arbitrary since it only aims at punishing them for their legitimate human rights activities;
  2. Ensure Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham have unhindered access to her family and lawyers and respect in all circumstances her right to a fair trial;
  3. Guarantee in all circumstances the physical and psychological integrity of Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham as well as of all detained human rights defenders in Saudi Arabia;
  4. Comply in all circumstances with all the provisions of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, in particular its Articles 1, 6(c) and 12.2;
  5. More generally, ensure in all circumstances the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with international human rights standards and instruments ratified by Saudi Arabia.

Yours sincerely,

William Nicholas Gomes
Journalist and Human Rights Activist
York, United Kingdom



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