The standards are generic, i.e. applicable to both manufacturing and service organisation, in public and private sectors. They say what should be done by an organisation to manage the impact on the OHSAS of its activities, but do not dictate how to do it. Thus OHSAS: 18001 have impact on the issues listed below.

Following issues for Industry are considered

* Occupational concern for the organisation
* Health issues
* Safety of workers
* Water use
* Other Resource Use
* Hazardous Substances
* Biological Hazards
* Radiation
* Waste
* Noise
* Community Concerns
* Wildlife & Habitats
* Accidents & emergencies
* Planning Issues  
* Interface with other Health & Safety Issues

OHSAS: 18000 series of standards can be classified as the specification standard and guidance standard.

OHSAS: 18001 are the only specification standard to which companies would be registered.

The overall aim of this international standard is to support OHSMS system. However, it is not intended to be used to create non-tariff trade barriers or to increase or change an organisation’s legal obligations.
The company has to make targets related to OHSAS issues for long run and achievement for the same. Also provisions for emergency so that OHSAS is no where affected by the company. The elements of OHSAS: 18001 are listed below.

STEPS FOR INSTALLATION OF OHSAS 18001:2007: –

All the progressive units in the world, which are in the export market today, have adopted some system of obtaining the final occupationa health and safety and hence product quality.

However, in this system there are generally a lot of rework and wastage’s. Experience of other industries globally shows that extensive efforts on the part of each and every person in the organisation are needed for upgrading the existing system to meet the requirements of OHSAS:18001.

The time required for installation of this system in any company may vary depending upon their present status and work culture. An estimate of 4 to 8 months is required for a unit involving over 100 employees. The total cost involved consultancy body, fees of certifying body, resource requirement etc. depending on infrastructure available with the company establish system and complexity of work involved.

1. Conduct awareness programmes (Top + Middle + Bottom Level).
2. Form a task force for documentation.
3. Prepare documents of OHSAS System.
4. Implementation and train all personnel in the use of procedures and formats.
5. Train internal auditors.
6. Assess the system through an ohsas 18001 internal audit.
7. Take corrective actions for non-compliances.
8. Apply for ohsas 18001:2007 certification.
9. Assess the system through second round of internal audit.
10. Avail pre-certification audit of certifying body.
11. Take actions on suggestions given by them.
12. Maintain and improve the system by third round of internal audit.
13. Final ohsa 18001 audit by certifying body.

The OHSAS: 18001 Specification envisages 5 Core Elements for OHSMS, for the purpose of certification by third parties. These are:
1. Commitments and Policy
An organization should define its OHSMS policy and focus on what needs to be done for ensuring continual OHSMS performance. It should also ensure commitment to the policy.

2. Planning
An Organization should formulate a plan to fulfill its OHSMS policy.
3. Implementation
For effective implementation an Organisation should develop the capabilities and support mechanisms necessary to achieve its OHSMS policy, objectives and targets.

4. Measurements and Evaluation
An organization should measure, monitor and evaluate its OHSMS performance.

5. Reviews and Improvement
An organization should review and continually improve its OHSMS management system, with the objective of improving its overall OHSMS performance.

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