Some Libya Dawn fighters shoot their guns near Libya's capital city of Tripoli, on March 11, 2015. Clashes erupted on Wednesday between Libya Dawn militants and pro-government forces in the Ajaylat area some 80 kilometers west of Tripoli. (Xinhua/Hamza Turkia)
Some Libya Dawn fighters shoot their guns near Libya's capital city of Tripoli, on March 11, 2015. Clashes erupted on Wednesday between Libya Dawn militants and pro-government forces in the Ajaylat area some 80 kilometers west of Tripoli. (Xinhua/Hamza Turkia)

Today Libya?s warring factions have reached a new version of a U.N.-brokered peace deal in the Moroccan resort of Skhirat, putting pressure on the Tripoli leadership to sign on and build a unity government in hopes of ending the country’s chaos and the ongoing fighting in the stricken Libya. The UN envoy Bernardino Leon struggled to bring the factions to agree steps aimed at forming a national unity government.

Some Libya Dawn fighters shoot their guns near Libya's capital city of Tripoli, on March 11, 2015. Clashes erupted on Wednesday between Libya Dawn militants and pro-government forces in the Ajaylat area some 80 kilometers west of Tripoli. (Xinhua/Hamza Turkia)
Some Libya Dawn fighters shoot their guns near Libya’s capital city of Tripoli, on March 11, 2015. Clashes erupted on Wednesday between Libya Dawn militants and pro-government forces in the Ajaylat area some 80 kilometers west of Tripoli. (Xinhua/Hamza Turkia)

For months now, the UN has deployed efforts to broker a compromise in Libya that plunged into chaos following the ouster of the former ruler, Muammar Gaddafi, in 2011, which gave rise to a patchwork of heavily-armed militias and deep political divisions.

The oil-rich nation has rival governments and parliaments, and jihadist groups and militants have seized on the chaos to make strategic gains..

Following the last round of talks in Morocco earlier this month, Leon presented a draft agreement ? the forth such proposal ? outlining plans to form a unity government in Libya.

The 69-article peace draft proposes the formation of a transitional government of national unity for a period of one year, making parliament of the internationally-recognized government the legislative authority in the interim period. However, it stipulates that a high council of state, mainly drawn from the GNC, should be able to ?express binding opinion with a qualified majority on draft laws.?

“This agreement will bring a step, an important step in the road of peace in Libya,” U.N. Special Envoy Bernardino Leon told the ceremony attended by Arab and European officials.

“Let me enhance one message: The doors will remain open for those who have chosen not to be here,” he added.

Under the U.N. proposal, Libya will get a one-year government of national accord in which a council of ministers headed by a prime minister and two deputies would have executive authority. The House of Representatives would be the legislative body, a plan meeting opposition from the GNC.

Leon said the door remains open for the Tripoli government to join. Negotiators plan to meet again after the Ramadan holiday to work on forming an interim government and finalizing a power-sharing agreement.

This historical peace deal represents an important opportunity for the Libyans to restore stability and prevent the country?s slide towards deeper conflict and economic collapse that should not be missed. Morocco is the most convenient venue to host those highly important negotiations and talks that resulted into this historical peace agreement and undoubtedly Morocco will continue to deploy tremendous efforts to facilitate the implementation of this deal in full collaboration with the Libyan warring factions to reach a just , comprehensive and long solution

Source: Said Temsamani

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