According to World Recourses Institute, “The world is way off track from its agreed-upon goal of limiting warming to 1.5˚C-2˚C (2.7-3.6˚ F). While all countries committed under the Paris Agreement to limit global temperature rise to 1.5˚C-2˚C (2.7-3.6˚ F), major questions remained: How can the world achieve this temperature goal? And what happens if it doesn’t?”

The United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change and the world’s leading climate scientists, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), has however answered these questions and more in their latest report.

The IPCC was formed to provide policymakers with a regular scientific assessments on climate change, and its associated issues and how to combat it.

Therefore, about 100 scientists analyzed how the world could achieve the 1.5˚C goal, as well as impacts associated with the rise in temperature.

Limiting warming to 1.5˚C, IPCC said, requires major and immediate transformation. However, global emissions were roughly 52 GtCO2e in 2016, and has been projected to be 52-58 GtCO2e by 2030.

Meanwhile, it said, “Annual emissions need to be about half that (25-30 GtCO2e/yr on average) by 2030 to limit warming to 1.5˚C (with no or low overshoot). While it’s still technically feasible to avoid a 1.5˚C rise in temperature, behavior and technologies will need to shift across the board in order to achieve these emission reductions.

By 2050, renewables are projected to supply 70-85 percent of electricity in 1.5˚C pathways. Energy efficiency and fuel-switching measures will be critical for the transportation sector. Reducing energy demand and improving the efficiency of food production, changing dietary choices and reducing food loss and waste also have significant potential to reduce emissions.” It added.

In line with this, Professor Francois Engelbrecht, a Climatologist and an Author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Global Warning of 1.5ºC, underscored the need for African countries to collaborate together with respect to tackling the climate change effects.

He noted that, African scientists on the continent must have a common data sharing policy in place to enable them to up their works and easily access each other’s research on climate data.

Prof. Francois Engelbrecht, made this known in a sideline interview at the opening of a two-day IPCC Outreach event on the 1.5°C Report which took place at the University of Ghana School of Law on Thursday, 25th July, 2019.

According to him, there should be more investment in the areas of continental network observations and as well as build the capacity of scientists to be able to make accurate projections of the continent’s future climate change.

As the African continent relies mainly on Europeans, Latin America, Chinese and Indian climate stations to obtain data on the continent’s climate, he stressed on the need to collectively develop Africa’s own data servers in various stations in order to accurately measure the weather to determine the continent’s climate.

On her part, the Director of the United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA), Dr. Fatima Denton, also noted that, Africa would shoulder the burden of responsibility amidst its limited adaptive capacity, high levels of underdevelopment, high demographic mobility and over reliance on climate sensitive sectors.

According to Dr. Denton, the 1.5°C further echoes new methods of action towards choices for African farmers and pastoralists, by providing them with a better conservation ways where they would move away from climate impacts.

“We must demonstrate that climate change is not only about a carbon problem……but, how we use that carbon problem to reset the dials for radically different development trajectory,” she said.

The President of the African Academy of Sciences (AAS), Prof. Felix Dapare Dakora, charged the youth to involve themselves in climate change related activities. Further addjng that, the Academy was going to partner the University of Ghana and INRA-UNU, to conduct more research on Climate Change and its related areas.

Prof. Dapare, reemphasized that, the AAS would continue to push further on research for climate change, which would go a long way to benefit the whole continent.

The Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C (SR1.5) was published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 8 October 2018, and was approved in Incheon, South Korea, including over 6,000 scientific references, and was prepared by 91 authors from 40 countries.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.