The aviation industry is faced with the problem of inefficiencies and wastages which add up billions of dollars in cost annually. Out of these problems, there is a significant proportion associated with the airport-related operations of the airlines. This includes the customer handling, baggage handling and a number of other procedures and systems which can contribute to further fuelling of growth and profitability of the airlines. To achieve better coordination with the integration of the different systems and operations to a central hub, the airlines establish the hub control centers. These control centers play a pivotal role in the managing the different operations and ensuring that delays, wastages and losses are minimized with better coordination and control. These have also contributed to the cheap air tickets being offered by the airlines to the customers.

What do these hubs do? These hubs perform multiple tasks.

These ensure that the baggage of passenger is not lost during the ground handling operations when a passenger is to board a connecting flight. The baggage loss is a significant drain on the airlines money and by efficient management of this aspect by the hubs, the airlines can make massive savings and can offer cheap air tickets to customers as well. By maintain constant contact with the Air Traffic Control (ATC), the hubs can manage the flight landing at the terminals much more efficiently, especially during the emergent landing requirements. This saves the landing time of the other aircraft as well and in improving the overall airport flight operations. If there is delay in the flight, the hubs can arrange for the vehicle to transfer the passengers to the airplane. This improves the turnaround time of the domestic and international flights at the airports.
Concisely, the hubs manage all the activities which happen during the landing and take-off and all the activities in between. These can be summarized as:

1. Baggage Handling

2. Passenger Handling

3. Turnaround Management

4. Connecting with the ATC

Besides the hub control centers or any such facility with another name, there are elaborate arrangements with integrated operations control systems where all data relating to every aspect of the in-flight and ground-handling operations converges. This helps in better understanding and analysis of the efficiency parameters on a much broader scale than just the operations at one airport. The analysis of the complex interplay of different factors is rendered easier using the integrated operations approach. No wonder this is one of the reasons for the customers getting cheap air tickets on their domestic or international flights.  

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