…no alcohol or drug was found in his system

biggieNotorious B.I.G was born on May 21st 1972 at St Mary?s Hospital. He grew up at Clinton Hills. His original name was Christopher George Latore Wallace. He was one of the biggest rappers and MCs of his time with several music awards to his credit within the short period of his music career. He was however shot down on 9th March 1997.

The Los Angeles Country Coroner just released the result of the autopsy conducted on the famous but controversial musician, revealing that no alcohol or drug was found in his system. His death was related to the four gun- shots fired on him by a stop- by driver of a black Chevrolet Impala SS that trailed his car and that of his bodyguards after they left a late night club.

On that faithful 9th March 1997, at around 12:30 a.m; Wallace left with his entourage in two GMC Suburban to return to his hotel after the Fire Department closed the party early because of overcrowding. He traveled in the front passenger seat alongside his associates, Damion “D-Roc” Butler, Junior M.A.F.I.A. member Lil’ Cease and driver, Gregory “G-Money” Young. Combs traveled in the other vehicle with three bodyguards. The two trucks were trailed by a Chevrolet Blazer carrying Bad Boy’s director of security.

By 12:45 a.m., the streets were crowded with people leaving the event. Wallace’s truck stopped at a red light 50 yards (46?m) from the museum. A black Chevrolet Impala SS pulled up alongside Wallace’s truck. The driver of the Impala, an African American man dressed in a blue suit and bow tie, rolled down his window, drew a 9?mm blue-steel pistol and fired at the GMC Suburban; four bullets hit Wallace. Wallace’s entourage rushed him to Cedar- Sinai Medical Center where doctors performed an emergency thoracotomy but he was pronounced dead at 1:15 a.m. The circumstances surrounding his death have been big puzzle until now.

According to the autopsy report, “Three of the four shots were not fatal. The first bullet hit in his left forearm and traveled down to his wrist; the second hit him in the back, missing all vital organs, and exited through his left shoulder; and the third hit his outer left thigh and left through his inner thigh. The report says that the third bullet “strikes the left side of the scrotum, causing a very shallow, 3/8 inch linear laceration.” The fourth bullet was fatal, entering through his right hip and striking several vital organs, before stopping in his left shoulder area. That bullet struck his colon, liver, heart and upper lobe of his left lung.

His Life as documented by Wikipedia ?

Wallace was raised in the?Brooklyn?borough of?New York City. When Wallace released his debut album?Ready to Die?in 1994, he became a central figure in the?East Coast hip-hop scene?and increased New York’s visibility at a time when?West Coast?artists were more common in the mainstream The release of Wallace’s debut album?Ready to Die?in 1994 made him a central figure in the?East Coast hip-hop scene?and increased New York’s visibility in the genre at a time when?West Coast?artists were more common in the mainstream.[3]?The following year, Wallace led his childhood friends to chart success through his prot?g? group,?Junior M.A.F.I.A.?While recording his second album, Wallace was heavily involved in the?East Coast/West Coast hip-hop feud, dominating the scene at the time.



On March 9, 1997, Wallace was killed by an unknown assailant in a?drive-by shooting?in?Los Angeles. His double-disc set?Life After Death, released 16 days later, hit No. 1 on the U.S. album charts and was certified?Diamond?in 2000 (one of the few hip hop albums to receive this certification).[4]?Wallace was noted for his “loose, easy flow”,[5]?dark semi-autobiographical lyrics and storytelling abilities. Two more albums have been released since his death.?MTV?ranked him at No. 3 on their list of?The Greatest MCs of All Time.[6]?Editors of?About.com?ranked him No. 5 on their list of the?Top 50 MCs of Our Time (1987?2007).[7]?In 2012,?The Source?ranked him No. 3 on their list of the?Top 50 Lyricists of All Time.[8]?He has certified sales of 17?million units in the United States.[9]


Early life

Born in St. Mary’s Hospital, despite later claiming to be raised in the?Bedford-Stuyvesant?section ofBrooklyn, Wallace grew up in neighboring?Clinton Hill.[10]?He was the only child of Voletta Wallace, a?Jamaican?preschool teacher, and George Latore, a welder and small-time Jamaican politician.[11]?His father left the family when Wallace was two years old, leaving his mother to work two jobs while raising him. At the Queen of All Saints Middle School, Wallace excelled in class, winning several awards as an?English?student. He was nicknamed “Big” because of his size before he turned 10.[12]?At the age of 12, he began selling drugs. His mother, often away at work, did not know that her son was selling drugs until Wallace was an adult.[13]


At his request, Wallace transferred out of the private?Roman Catholic?Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School?to attend the state-funded?George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School.?Jay-Z?and?Busta Rhymes?were also students at that school. According to his mother, Wallace was still a good student, but developed a “smart-ass” attitude at the new school.[11]?At seventeen, Wallace dropped out of?high school?and became further involved in?crime. In 1989, he was arrested on weapons charges in Brooklyn and sentenced to five years’ probation. In 1990, he was arrested on a violation of his probation.[14]?A year later, Wallace was arrested in?North Carolina?for dealing?crack cocaine. He spent nine months behind bars until he made bail.[13]


Rapping career

Wallace began rapping when he was a teenager. He would entertain people on the streets as well as perform with local groups, the Old Gold Brothers and the Techniques.[3]?After being released from prison, Wallace made a?demo tape?under the name Biggie Smalls, a reference to his childhood nickname and to his stature; he stood at 6?feet 3?inches (1.91?m) and weighed as much as 300 to 380 pounds (140?170 kg) according to differing accounts.[15]?The tape was reportedly made with no serious intent of getting a recording deal, but was promoted by?New York-based DJ?Mister Cee, who had previously worked with?Big Daddy Kane, and was heard by the editor of?The Source.[14]


In March 1992, Wallace was featured in?The Source‘s Unsigned Hype column, dedicated to aspiring rappers, and was invited to produce a recording with other unsigned artists in a move that was reportedly uncommon at the time.[16]?The demo tape was heard by?Uptown Records?A&R?andrecord producer,?Sean Combs, who arranged for a meeting with Wallace. He was signed to Uptown immediately and made an appearance on label mates,?Heavy D & the Boyz‘ “A Buncha Niggas” (from the album?Blue Funk).[3][17]?Soon after signing his recording contract, Combs was fired from Uptown and started a new label.[18]?Wallace followed and in mid-1992, signed to Combs’ new imprint label,?Bad Boy Records. On August 8, 1993, Wallace’s longtime girlfriend gave birth to his first child, T’yanna.[19]?Wallace continued selling drugs after the birth to support his daughter financially. Once Combs discovered this, he was made to quit.[3]

Wallace gained exposure later in the year on a remix to?Mary J. Blige‘s single “Real Love“, under the pseudonym The Notorious B.I.G., the name he would record under for the remainder of his career, after finding the original moniker “Biggie Smalls” was already in use.[20]?”Real Love” peaked at #7 on the?Billboard?Hot 100?chart and was followed by a remix of Blige’s “What’s the 411?“. He continued this success, to a lesser extent, on remixes with?Neneh Cherry?(“Buddy X”) and?reggaeartist?Super Cat?(“Dolly My Baby”, also featuring Combs) in 1993. In April 1993, his solo track, “Party and Bullshit“, appeared on the?Who’s the Man??soundtrack.[19]?In July 1994, he appeared alongside?LL Cool J?and Busta Rhymes on a remix to label mate?Craig Mack‘s “Flava in Ya Ear“, reaching #9 on the?Hot 100.


Ready to Dieand marriage

On August 4, 1994, Wallace married?R&B?singer?Faith Evans?after they met at a Bad Boy photoshoot.[19][21]?Four days later, Wallace had his first pop chart success as a solo artist with double A-side, “Juicy/Unbelievable”, which reached #27 as the lead single to his debut album.

Ready to Diewas released on September 13, 1994, and reached #13 on the?Billboard?200chart,[22]?eventually being certified four times?Platinum.[23]?The album, released at a time when West Coast hip hop was prominent in the U.S. charts, according to?Rolling Stone, “almost single-handedly… shifted the focus back to East Coast rap”.[24]?It gained strong reviews on release and has received much praise in retrospect.[24][25]?In addition to “Juicy”, the record produced two hit singles; the Platinum-selling “Big Poppa“, which reached #1 on the U.S. rap chart,[5]?and “One More Chance” featuring Faith Evans, a loosely related remix of an album track and its best selling single.


Junior M.A.F.I.A. and coastal feud

In August 1995, Wallace’s prot?g? group,?Junior M.A.F.I.A.?(“Junior Masters At Finding Intelligent Attitudes”), released their debut album?Conspiracy. The group consisting of his friends from childhood and included rappers such as?Lil’ Kim?and?Lil’ Cease, who went on to have solo careers.[26]?The record went?Gold?and its singles, “Player’s Anthem” and “Get Money” both featuring Wallace, went Gold and Platinum.


Wallace continued to work with R&B artists, collaborating with R&B groups?112?(on “Only You”) and?Total?(on “Can’t You See”), with both reaching the top 20 of the Hot 100. By the end of the year, Wallace was the top-selling male solo artist and rapper on the U.S. pop and R&B charts.[3]?In July 1995, he appeared on the cover of?The Source?with the caption “The King of New York Takes Over”. At the?Source?Awards in August 1995, he was named Best New Artist (Solo), Lyricist of the Year, Live Performer of the Year, and his debut Album of the Year.[27]?At the?Billboard Awards, he was Rap Artist of the Year.[14]


In his year of success, Wallace became involved in a?rivalry between the East and West Coast hip-hop scenes?with?Tupac Shakur, his former associate. In an interview with?Vibe?in April 1995, while serving time in?Clinton Correctional Facility, Shakur accused?Uptown Records‘ founder?Andre Harrell, Sean Combs, and Wallace of having prior knowledge of a robbery that resulted in him being shot repeatedly and losing thousands of dollars worth of jewelry on the night of November 30, 1994. Though Wallace and his entourage were in the same?Manhattan-based recording studio at the time of the shooting, they denied the accusation.[28]?Dexter Isaac confessed in 2012 that he shot Tupac.[29]


It just happened to be a coincidence that he was in the studio. He just, he couldn’t really say who really had something to do with it at the time. So he just kinda’ leaned the blame on me.[30]


Following release from prison, Shakur signed to?Death Row Records?on October 15, 1995. Bad Boy Records and Death Row, now business rivals, became involved in an intense quarrel.[31]


Arrests, Shakur’s death and second child

Wallace began recording his second studio album in September 1995. The album, recorded in?New York,?Trinidad?and?Los Angeles, was interrupted during its 18 months of creation by injury, legal wranglings and the highly publicized hip hop dispute in which he was involved.[32]?During this time, he also worked with R&B/pop singer?Michael Jackson?for the?HIStory?album.[33]

On March 23, 1996, Wallace was arrested outside a Manhattan nightclub for chasing and threatening to kill two autograph seekers, smashing the windows of their taxicab and then pulling one of the fans out and punching them.[14]?He pleaded guilty to second-degree harassment and was sentenced to 100 hours of community service. In mid-1996, he was arrested at his home inTeaneck, New Jersey, for drug and weapons possession charges.[14]


In June 1996, Shakur releasedHit ‘Em Up“, a?diss song?in which he claimed to have had sex with Wallace’s?wife?(at the time estranged) and that Wallace copied his style and image. Wallace referred to the first claim about his wife’s pregnancy on Jay-Z’s “Brooklyn’s Finest” where he raps: “If Faye (Faith Evans, his wife at the time) have twins, she’d probably have two ‘Pacs. Geddit? 2Pac’s?”. However, Wallace did not directly respond to the record during his lifetime, stating in a 1997 radio interview that it was “not [his] style” to respond.[30]

Shakur was shot multiple times in a drive-by shooting in?Las Vegas,?Nevada, on September 7, 1996, and died six days later of complications from the gunshot wounds. Rumors of Wallace’s involvement with Shakur’s murder were reported almost immediately. A two-part series?Chuck Philips?wrote for the LA Times in 2002 called ?Who Killed Tupac Shakur?? claimed that ?the shooting was carried out by a Compton gang called the Southside Crips to avenge the beating of one of its members by Shakur a few hours earlier” and that Biggie provided the gun.[34][35]?Biggie’s family publicly denied the claim.[36]


On October 29, 1996, Faith Evans gave birth to Wallace’s son, Christopher “C.J.” Wallace, Jr.[19]The following month Junior M.A.F.I.A. member?Lil’ Kim?released her debut album,?Hard Core, under Wallace’s direction while the two were involved in an apparent love affair.[3]


Life After Deathand car accident

During the recording sessions for his second album, tentatively named “Life After Death… ‘Til Death Do Us Part”, later shortened to?Life After Death, Wallace was involved in a car accident that shattered his left leg and confined him to a wheelchair.[3]?The injury forced him to use a cane.[28]

In January 1997, Wallace was ordered to pay?US$41,000 in damages following an incident involving a friend of a concert promoter who claimed Wallace and his entourage beat him up following a dispute in May 1995.[37]?He faced?criminal assault?charges for the incident which remain unresolved, but all robbery charges were dropped.[14]?Following the events of the previous year, Wallace spoke of a desire to focus on his “peace of mind”. “My mom… my son… my daughter… my family… my friends are what matters to me now”.[38]


March 1997 shooting and death

Wallace traveled to?California?in February 1997, to promote his upcoming album and film a?music video?for its lead single, “Hypnotize“. On March 5, 1997, he gave a radio interview with?The Dog House?on?KYLD?in?San Francisco. In the interview he stated that he had hired security since he feared for his safety; this was because he was a celebrity figure in general, not because he was a rapper.[39]?Life After Death?was scheduled for release on March 25, 1997. On March 8, 1997, he presented an award to?Toni Braxton?at the 11th Annual?Soul Train Music Awards?in?Los Angeles?and was booed by some of the audience.[28]?After the ceremony, Wallace attended an after party hosted by?Vibe?magazine?and?Qwest Records?at the?Petersen Automotive Museum?in Los Angeles.[28]?Other guests included Faith Evans,?Aaliyah, Sean Combs, and members of the?Bloodsand?Crips?gangs.[12]


On March 9, 1997, at around 12:30 a.m., Wallace left with his entourage in two?GMC Suburbans?to return to his hotel after the Fire Department closed the party early because of overcrowding.[40]Wallace traveled in the front passenger seat alongside his associates, Damion “D-Roc” Butler, Junior M.A.F.I.A. member Lil’ Cease and driver, Gregory “G-Money” Young. Combs traveled in the other vehicle with three bodyguards. The two trucks were trailed by a?Chevrolet Blazer?carrying Bad Boy’s director of security.[12]


By 12:45 a.m., the streets were crowded with people leaving the event. Wallace’s truck stopped at a red light 50 yards (46?m) from the museum. A black?Chevrolet Impala SS?pulled up alongside Wallace’s truck. The driver of the Impala, an?African American?male dressed in a blue suit and bow tie, rolled down his window, drew a 9?mm blue-steel pistol and fired at the GMC Suburban; four bullets hit Wallace.[12]?Wallace’s entourage rushed him to?Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, where doctors performed an emergency?thoracotomy?but he was pronounced dead at 1:15 a.m.


His autopsy was released to the public over a decade after his death in December 2012. According to the report,”three of the four shots were not fatal. The first bullet hit in his left forearm and traveled down to his wrist; the second hit him in the back, missing all vital organs, and exited through his left shoulder; and the third hit his outer left thigh and left through his inner thigh. The report says that the third bullet “strikes the left side of the scrotum, causing a very shallow, 3/8 inch linear laceration.” The fourth bullet was fatal, entering through his right hip and striking several vital organs, before stopping in his left shoulder area. That bullet struck his colon, liver, heart and upper lobe of his left lung.”[41]


Murder case

Wallace’s murder remains unsolved and there are many theories regarding the identities and motives of the murderers. Immediately after the shooting, reports surfaced linking the Shakur and Wallace murders, because of the similarities in the drive-by shootings.[42]

In 2002, Randall Sullivan released?LAbyrinth, a book compiling information regarding the murders of Wallace and Shakur based on evidence provided by retired?LAPD?detective,?Russell Poole.[12][43]?Sullivan accused?Marion “Suge” Knight, co-founder of?Death Row Records?and an alleged?Bloods?affiliate, of conspiring with?David Mack, an LAPD officer and alleged Death Row security employee, to kill Wallace and make Shakur and his death appear the result of a fictitious bi-coastal rap rivalry.[44][45]?Sullivan believed that one of Mack’s associates, Amir Muhammad (also known as Harry Billups), was the hitman based on evidence provided by an?informant, and due to his close resemblance to the?facial composite.[44][45]?Filmmaker?Nick Broomfield?released an investigative documentary,?Biggie & Tupac, based mainly on the evidence used in the book.[43]


An article published in?Rolling Stone?by Sullivan in December 2005 accused the LAPD of not fully investigating links with Death Row Records based on evidence from Poole. Sullivan claimed that Sean Combs “failed to fully cooperate with the investigation” and according to Poole, encouraged Bad Boy staff to do the same.[12]?The accuracy of the article was later refuted in a letter by the Assistant Managing Editor of the?LA Times?accusing Sullivan of using “shoddy tactics.” Sullivan, in response, quoted the lead attorney of the Wallace estate calling the newspaper “a co-conspirator in the cover-up.”[46]


The criminal investigation was re-opened in July 2006 in the hopes that new evidence might help the City defend the civil lawsuits brought by the Wallace family.[47][48]

In January 2011, the case was reinvigorated as a result of new information reported by?Anderson Cooper‘s?AC360?”Cold Case” show and blog[49]?that it was being re-investigated by a law enforcement task force composed of the LAPD, the L.A. County District Attorney’s Office, and the FBI.[50]?In April, the FBI released?redacted?documents about their investigation into the shooting, revealing that the bullets were rare 9mm Gecko ammunition manufactured in?Germany. The documents reported that LAPD officers monitoring the party Wallace was attending were also employed as security personnel for Knight; the documents also speculated that the?Genovese crime family?was withholding evidence about Wallace’s death.[51]


Retired LAPD detective Greg Kading, who worked on the Biggie Smalls murder case for three years, alleges that the rapper was shot by Wardell Fouse a.k.a Darnell Bolton a.k.a. “Poochie” an associate of Suge Knight who was killed in July 2003 after being shot in the back while riding his motorcycle. Kading believes Knight hired Poochie via his girlfriend “Theresa Swann” to kill Biggie to avenge the death of Tupac[52]?whom Kading alleges was killed under the orders of Sean Combs.[53]



Wrongful death claim

In March 2005, the relatives of Wallace filed a?wrongful death claim?against the city of Los Angeles based on the evidence championed by?Russell Poole.[45]?They claimed the LAPD had sufficient evidence to arrest the assailant, but failed to use it.?David Mack?and Amir Muhammad (a.k.a. Harry Billups) were originally named as defendants in the?civil suit, but were dropped shortly before the trial began after the LAPD and?FBI?dismissed them as suspects.[45]


The case came for trial before a?jury?on June 21, 2005. Several days into the trial, the plaintiffs’ attorney disclosed to the Court and opposing counsel that he had received a telephone call from someone claiming to be a LAPD officer and provided detailed information about the existence of evidence concerning the Wallace murder. The court directed the city to conduct a thorough investigation, which uncovered previously undisclosed evidence, much of which was in the desk or cabinet of Det. Steven Katz, the lead detective in the Wallace murder investigation. The documents centered around interviews by numerous police officers of an incarcerated informant, who had been Rafael Perez’s cellmate for some extended period of time. He reported that Perez had told him about his and Mack’s involvement with Death Row Records and their activities at the Peterson Automotive Museum the night of Wallace’s murder. As a result of the newly discovered evidence, the judge declared a?mistrial?and awarded the Wallace family its attorneys’ fees.[54]


On April 16, 2007, relatives of Wallace filed a second wrongful death lawsuit against the city of Los Angeles. The suit also named two LAPD officers in the center of the investigation into the?Rampart scandal,?Rafael Perez?and?Nino Durden. According to the claim, Perez, an alleged affiliate of Death Row Records, admitted to LAPD officials that he and Mack (who was not named in the lawsuit) “conspired to murder, and participated in the murder of Christopher Wallace”. The Wallace family said the LAPD “consciously concealed Rafael Perez’s involvement in the murder of … Wallace”.


United States District Judge?Florence-Marie Cooper?granted?summary judgment?to the city of Los Angeles on December 17, 2007, finding that the Wallace family had not complied with a California law that required the Wallace family to give notice of its claim to the State within six months of Wallace’s death.[56]?The Wallace family refiled the suit, dropping the state law claims on May 27, 2008.[57]?The city never answered the amended complaint, and with the agreement of both sides, the suit was voluntarily dismissed on April 5, 2010 without prejudice



On January 19, 2007, Tyruss Himes (better known as?Big Syke), a friend of Shakur who was implicated in the murder by television channel?KTTV?and?XXL?magazine?in 2005, had a?defamationlawsuit regarding the accusations thrown out of court.[59]


Posthumous career

Sixteen days after his death, Wallace’s double-disc second album was released as planned with the shortened title of?Life After Death?and hit #1 on the?Billboard 200?charts, after making a premature appearance at #176 due to street-date violations. The record album featured a much wider range of guests and producers than its predecessor.[60]?It gained strong reviews and in 2000 was certifiedDiamond, the highest?RIAA?certification awarded to a solo hip hop album.

Its lead single, “Hypnotize“, was the last?music video?recording in which Wallace would participate. His biggest chart success was with its follow-up “Mo Money Mo Problems“, featuring Sean Combs (under the rap alias “Puff Daddy”) and?Mase. Both singles reached #1 in the Hot 100, making Wallace the first artist to achieve this feat posthumously.[3]?The third single, “Sky’s The Limit“, featuring the band 112, was noted for its use of children in the music video, directed by?Spike Jonze, who were used to portray Wallace and his contemporaries, including Sean Combs, Lil’ Kim, and Busta Rhymes. Wallace was named Artist of the Year and “Hypnotize” Single of the Year by?Spinmagazine in December 1997.[61]

In mid-1997, Combs released his debut album,?No Way Out, which featured Wallace on five songs, notably on the third single “Victory“. The most prominent single from the record album was “I’ll Be Missing You“, featuring Combs, Faith Evans and 112, which was dedicated to Wallace’s memory. At the 1998?Grammy Awards,?Life After Death?and its first two singles received nominations in the rap category. The album award was won by Combs’?No Way Out?and “I’ll Be Missing You” won the award in the category of Best Rap Performance By A Duo Or Group in which “Mo Money Mo Problems” was nominated.[62]

Wallace had founded a hip hop?supergroup?called?The Commission, which consisted of Jay-Z,?Lil’ Cease, Combs,?Charli Baltimore?and himself. The Commission was mentioned by Wallace in the lyrics of “What’s Beef” on?Life After Death?and “Victory” from?No Way Out?but never completed an album. A song on?Duets: The Final Chapter?titled “Whatchu Want (The Commission)” featuring Jay-Z was based on the group.


In December 1999, Bad Boy released?Born Again. The record consisted of previously unreleased material mixed with guest appearances including many artists Wallace had never collaborated with in his lifetime. It gained some positive reviews but received criticism for its unlikely pairings;?The Source?describing it as “compiling some of the most awkward collaborations of his career”.[63]Nevertheless, the album sold 3 million copies. Over the course of time, Wallace’s vocals would appear on hit songs such as “Foolish” by?Ashanti?and “Realest Niggas” in 2002, and the song “Runnin’ (Dying to Live)” with Shakur the following year. He also appeared on Michael Jackson’s 2001 album,?Invincible. In 2005,?Duets: The Final Chapter?continued the pattern started on?Born Again?and was criticized for the lack of significant vocals by Wallace on some of its songs.[64][65]Its lead single “Nasty Girl” became Wallace’s first UK #1 single. Combs and Voletta Wallace have stated the album will be the last release primarily featuring new material.[66]



Wallace is celebrated as one of the greatest rap artists and is described by?Allmusic?as “the savior of East Coast hip-hop”.[3]?The Source?and?Blender?named Wallace the greatest rapper of all time.[67]In 2003, when?XXL?magazine?asked several hip hop artists to list their five favorite?MCs, Wallace’s name appeared on more rappers’ lists than anyone else. In 2006, he was ranked at #3 in MTV’s?The Greatest MC’s of All Time.[6]

Since his death, Wallace’s lyrics have been sampled and quoted by a variety of hip hop, R&B and pop artists including Jay-Z,?50 Cent,?Alicia Keys,?Fat Joe,?Nelly,?Ja Rule,?Eminem,?Lil Wayne,?Game,Clinton Sparks,?Michael Jackson?and?Usher. On August 28, 2005, at the 2005?MTV Video Music Awards, Sean Combs (then using the rap alias “P. Diddy”) and?Snoop Dogg?paid tribute to Wallace: an orchestra played while the vocals from “Juicy” and “Warning” played on the arena speakers.[68]In September 2005,?VH1?had its second annual “Hip Hop Honors”, with a tribute to Wallace headlining the show.[69]


Wallace had begun to promote a clothing line called Brooklyn Mint, which was to produce plus-sized clothing but fell dormant after he died. In 2004, his managers, Mark Pitts and Wayne Barrow, launched the clothing line, with help from Jay-Z, selling T-shirts with images of Wallace on them. A portion of the proceeds go to the Christopher Wallace Foundation and to Jay-Z’s Shawn Carter Scholarship Foundation.[70]?In 2005, Voletta Wallace hired branding and licensing agency Wicked Cow Entertainment to guide the Estate’s licensing efforts.[71]?Wallace-branded products on the market include action figures, blankets, and cell phone content.[72]

The Christopher Wallace Memorial Foundation holds an annual black-tie dinner (“B.I.G. Night Out”) to raise funds for children’s school equipment and supplies and to honor the memory of the late rapper. For this particular event, because it is a children’s schools’ charity, “B.I.G.” is also said to stand for “Books Instead of Guns”.[73]

Wallace mostly rapped on his songs in a deep tone described by?Rolling Stone?as a “thick, jaunty grumble”,[74]?which went deeper on?Life After Death.[75]?He was often accompanied on songs withad libs?from Sean “Puffy” Combs. On?The Source‘s Unsigned Hype, they described his style as “cool, nasal, and filtered, to bless his own material”.

Allmusic describe Wallace as having “a loose, easy flow” with “a talent for piling multiple rhymes on top of one another in quick succession”.[5]?Time?magazine wrote Wallace rapped with an ability to “make?multi-syllabic rhymes?sound… smooth”,[25]?while Krims describes Wallace’s rhythmic style as “effusive“.[76]?Before starting a verse, Wallace sometimes used?onomatopoeic?vocables?to “warm up” (for example “uhhh” at the beginning of “Hypnotize” and “Big Poppa” and “whaat” after certain rhymes in songs such as “My Downfall”).[77]

Lateef?of?Latyrx?notes that Wallace had, “intense and complex flows”,[78]?Fredro Starr?of?Onyxsays, “Biggie was a master of the flow”,[79]?and?Bishop Lamont?states that Wallace mastered “all the hemispheres of the music”.[80]?”Notorious B.I.G. also often used the single-line?rhyme scheme?to add variety and interest to his flow”.[78]?Big Daddy Kane?suggests that Wallace didn’t need a large vocabulary to impress listeners ? “he just put his words together a slick way and it worked real good for him”.[81]?Wallace was known to compose lyrics in his head, rather than write them down on paper, in a similar way to?Jay-Z.[82][83]

Wallace would occasionally vary from his usual style. On “Playa Hater” from his second album, he sang in a slow-falsetto.[84]?On his collaboration with?Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, “Notorious Thugs“, he modified his style to match the rapid rhyme flow of the group.


Themes and lyrical content

Wallace’s lyrical topics and themes included?mafioso?tales (“Niggas Bleed”), his drug dealing past (“10 Crack Commandments”), materialistic bragging (“Hypnotize“), as well as humor (“Just Playing (Dreams)”),[85]?and?romance?(“Me & My Bitch”).[85]?Rolling Stone?named Wallace in 2004 as “one of the few young male songwriters in any pop style writing credible love songs”.[75]

Guerilla Black, in the book?How to Rap, describes how Wallace was able to both “glorify the upper echelon”[86]?and “[make] you feel his struggle”.[87]?According to?Tour??of?The Ne


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