Hepatitis

The World Health Organisation on Thursday said hepatitis is responsible for 1.4m deaths every year even as around 500m people currently live with hepatitis viruses in the world.

WHO made this disclosure at the ongoing 67th World Health Assembly holding in Geneva.

Hepatitis is a medical condition defined by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. The condition can be self-limiting (healing on its own) or can progress to fibrosis (scarring) and cirrhosis.

However, member States at the WHA has approved a resolution to improve the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis.

Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice, poor appetite and malaise. Hepatitis is acute when it lasts less than six months and chronic when it persists longer. Worldwide, hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of the condition, but hepatitis can be caused by other infections, toxic substances (notably alcohol, certain medications, some industrial organic solvents and plants), and autoimmune diseases.

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