Poultry Project
Poultry Project

For nearly a decade, the Ghana poultry sector has contracted due to the growing decline in profitability of egg and meat production.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), domestically produced broiler meat fell from nearly 60 per cent of all poultry consumed in Ghana in 2000 to 20 per cent in 2011.

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At the same time, imports have increased from 13,900 metric tonnes (MT) to more than 155,000 MT.

In 2017, Ghana imported a total of over 135,000 MT (approx. 112 million birds) of frozen chicken.

This demand has not matched local production leading to the rise in chicken imports over the last 10 years with huge import bills.

Ghana Poultry Project

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)-sponsored Ghana Poultry Project (GPP) aims at increasing targeted sector commercial performance by building coordination between firms, promoting the adoption of quality standards, strengthening business planning and market-penetration strategies, and reinforcing buyer-supplier linkages.

The GPP is being implemented by ACDI/VOCA and TechnoServe, and has been established to boost the competitiveness of the domestic production and processing of poultry meat and eggs.

GPP supported the Apex Body of Women in Poultry Value Chain (WIPVaC-Apex) to expand women- led poultry production ventures.

The WIPVaC-Apex is an organisation that seeks to bring together all women along the poultry value chain for common interests.

Our goal is to create new opportunities and expand the activities of women along the poultry value chain to stimulate development for the benefit of society.

Membership include aggregators of maize and soya, day old chicks suppliers, dealers in poultry inputs such as fishmeal, concentrates, poultry drugs and feed, poultry farmers, egg sellers and distributors of chicken and guinea fowl.

It is an African Union- InterAfrican Bureau of Animal Resource (AU-IBAR) initiative, and a strategic outcome of the Veterinary Governance VET-GOV Project.

Background

Launched in February 2019, the GPP was a sponsored matching grant for the WIPVaC–Apex for a Pullet Out grower Support Programme (POSP), to produce pullets (16 weeks layers) to members in the scheme and reduce the production risk of raising day-old chicks to point of lay as well as increase profitability.

The project was implemented in three regions – Greater Accra, Ashanti and Brong Ahafo. It commenced with the acquisition of 4,500 layer day old chicks with each beneficiary supplied with 500 chicks.

Subsequently, trainings on poultry health/biosecurity, poultry husbandry, group dynamics and team strengthening, accounting marketing and record keeping, as well as egg cleaning were organised for the beneficiaries.

Added to that were networking and mentoring sessions to bring on board prospective farmers interested in the poultry business but did not have the technical knowledge for handling the Day Old Chicks from brooding to point of lay. The response was overwhelming as many people showed interest and the pullets, over-subscribed.

Successes

The flagship of the project was the Village Savings and Loans Association (VSLA), a concept to equip members with savings habit to generate their own capital for business.

Again, the implementation of the GPP has made the WIPVaC–Apex visible and served as a membership drive for it.

The training component has tremendously helped to improve skills of the beneficiaries – to produce more efficiently, raise income levels and competitiveness.

They are able to keep proper records for profit calculation. The biosecurity education has helped to reduce risk and improved production.

Beneficiaries have been well equipped with farm management practices which will see an increase in productivity.

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