Agriculture Produce
Agriculture Produce

Farmers have been persuaded to adopt new agricultural technologies as well as improved seeds for farming to increase and sustain production to counter the adverse effects of climatic conditions.

“Climate change causes more insects and farmers have to use more chemicals to control so it will increase cost of production and affect their economic gains,” Dr. Iddrisu Yahaya, an Economist told the Ghana News Agency in an interview.

“This has to be reduced by adapting technologies that will reduce the effects of insects on your farm,” he added.

Dr Yahaya, who works with the Savanna Agricultural Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-SARI) suggested that farmers adopt cost effective ways of controlling pests like spraying farm fields with Neem oil extract.

Scientists have maintained that the current rise in temperature has resulted in an increasing rate of harmful pests feeding on crops and thereby affecting crop yields.

“Rise in temperature will increase the abundance of insects within a short period of time and that will increase the cost of control by the farmer, but then too it will also increase the amount of damage that will come to the crop”, Dr. Jerry Nboyine, an Entomologist with the CSIR-SARI also said.

The economic impact of bad climatic conditions has been projected to cost local farmers several thousands of Ghana Cedis. The amount is spent on agrochemicals to control the increasing number of pest infestations.

Dr. Nboyine advised farmers to adopt innovative strategies to minimize the impact of Fall Armyworm, which destroy many field crops.

“The Fall Armyworm has come to stay and research conducted by the Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute at the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission shows that in a year there will be not less ten generations of the Fall Armyworm,” he added.

“The reason is that the rise in temperature favours the development of many generations within a year.”

He emphasized the need for growers to resort to improved seeds varieties, resistant to the Fall Army Worms and other harmful pests to help improve Ghana’s agricultural sector and ensure food security and boost the economic status of farmers.

According to him, Genetically Modified (GM) crops are resistant to the worms but unfortunately Ghanaian laws do not permit an open growth of GMOs as pertains in South Africa, where it’s legalised.

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