Rift Valley Fever

Uganda’s health ministry on Tuesday said four cases have tested positive of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), with one succumbing to the disease in the central district of Nakaseke.

Jane Ruth Aceng, the minister for health, told a media briefing here that four cases have been confirmed, with the latest case reported on Jan. 19.

Aceng said a joint National Rapid Response team of expert epidemiologists, clinicians, veterinarians, communicators and laboratory specialists from the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries have been dispatched to Nakaseke and Luwero to support the district to set up appropriate response structures to contain the outbreak.

She said the spraying of ticks and biting insects is already ongoing in selected districts within the cattle corridor that includes Nakaseke, Sembabule, Kyegegwa, Lyantonde, Mubende, and Gomba.

“There is ongoing dissemination of information, education and communication materials in the local dialect and English for sensitization of the public,” said Aceng.

On Jan. 15, Uganda’s ministry of health confirmed the outbreak of CCHF.

Crimean-Congo is a tick-borne illness transmitted to humans through tick bites. It is also be transmitted through contact with the blood of infected animals especially during slaughter.

It can also be transmitted through direct contact with the blood, secretions and the organs of infected people.

Nosocomial transmission can occur through contaminated medical equipment or body fluid from infected persons.

According to the World Health Organization, the fever is associated with a fatality ratio of about 10-40 percent, and is endemic in Africa, the Balkans and the Middle East. Enditem


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