“What does the frequently cited “60% relative reduction” in HIV infections actually mean?  Across all three female-to-male trials, of the 5,411 men subjected to male circumcision, 64 (1.18%) became HIV-positive.  Among the 5,497 controls, 137 (2.49%) became HIV-positive”, so the absolute decrease in HIV infection was only 1.31%, which is not statistically significant.”  (Boyle GJ, Hill G. Sub-Saharan African randomised clinical trials into male circumcision and HIV transmission: Methodological, ethical and legal concerns. J Law Med 2011; 19:316-34.)  See:

When asked if the RCTs (randomized controlled trials) would be repeated in the U.S., at the 2009 National HIV Prevention Conference in Atlanta, Dr. Katrina Kretsinger of the CDC replied that they would not, because it would be unethical to do so! If these studies would be unethical to do in the U.S., then how were they ethical to do on black men in Africa?  See:

Malawi: Circumcision Disaster – Malawi HIV Infection Rate Doubles

Denied, withheld, and uncollected evidence and unethical research cloud what really happened during three key trials of circumcision to protect men – by David Gisselquist, economist and anthropologist who has authored nearly 60 scholarly publications.

HIV infection rate higher on circumcised men
Sunday, 08 July 2012 09:40 peter nyoni
“According to the latest Zimbabwe Health Demographic Survey (ZHDS 2010/2011), the prevalence rate among the circumcised is 14 percent while that of the uncircumcised is 12 percent.”  See:

From the USAID report “LEVELS AND SPREAD OF HIV SEROPREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS: EVIDENCE FROM NATIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS”- Findings from the 18 countries with data present a mixed picture of the association between male circumcision and HIV prevalence (Table 9.3) . . . In 10 of the countries—Cameroon, Guinea, Haiti, Lesotho, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe — HIV prevalence is higher among circumcised men.” (page 109)  See:


The one randomized controlled trial into male-to-female transmission showed a 61% higher rate among females in the group where the men had been circumcised.   See:


At least 40 million Nigerians could have traces of the hepatitis virus–which causes inflammation in the liver, according to the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria.

The survey found people who had undergone local circumcision were 43% more likely to contract hepatitis B–mostly from using unsafe implements.

Global figures indicate hepatitis is a more serious disease than HIV: some 400 million infection of hepatitis occur every year compared with 34 million for HIV.

HIV in the Circumcised U.S. Up to 500% Higher than Intact Nations


Where Circumcision Doesn’t Prevent HIV – Part I

Where Circumcision Doesn’t Prevent HIV – Part II

Lack of Open Debate in Circumcision Policy – Resources Wasted and Harms Ignored

How the circumcision solution in Africa will increase HIV infections
Robert S. Van Howe, Michelle R. Storms DOI: 10.4081/jphia.2011.e4 | Published: 2011-02-11 15:59:52

“Langerin is a natural barrier to HIV-1 transmission by Langerhans cells” (Nature Medicine- 4 March 2007). This study states, “Langerhans cells (LCs) specifically express Langerin . . . LCs reside in the epidermis of the skin and in most mucosal epithelia, such as the ectocervix,  vagina and foreskin . . . ” Removal of the foreskin (male circumcision) removes the langerhans cells that express langerin, the natural barrier to HIV-1 transmission.  See:

A study in the March, 2007 issue of the “Annals of Epidemiology” found that circumcision is “likely to spread” HIV. See:

A study published on June 20, 2007 found that male circumcision is overstated as a prevention tool against AIDS. This study found that the key to  understanding the global spread of AIDS is the size of the infected prostitute community around the world. See:

“HIV infection and circumcision: cutting through the hyperbole” THE JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY FOR THE PROMOTION OF HEALTH, Volume 125, Number 6: Pages 259-265, November 2005

Why Most Published Research Findings are False – John Ioannidis
Published online 2005 August 30

Why Is HIV So Prevalent In Africa? – Michael Fumento

Danish Study- Male circumcision leads to a bad sex life
November 14, 2011

“Circumcised men have more difficulties reaching orgasm, and their female partners experience more vaginal pains and an inferior sex life, a new study shows.”

BJU Int. 2013 Feb 4. Male circumcision decreases penile sensitivity as measured in a large cohort.

What is Lost to Circumcision

“How Male Circumcision May be Affecting Your Love Life”
by Christiane Northrup MD

One man in Africa appears to have more common sense than many of those promoting circumcision. “Jackson Dlamini, 25, a strapping man taking a break from weight training at a local gym, told IRIN he was considering circumcision as a way to protect himself from HIV/AIDS. When told that counsellors at Mbabane Government Hospital would advise him to carry on using condoms even after the operation, Dlamini said, “It is painful to get circumcised.  If I have to wear a condom anyway, what is the point?””

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